Bocconi Students for Sustainable Finance
IL SETTORE DEL FOOD AND DRINKS DELIVERY A MILANO
APPLICAZIONE DEL SOFTWARE ERMES
BIBLIOGRAFIA E SITOGRAFIA
Il settore del food and drinks delivery a Milano
Il Food Delivery, il servizio di consegna a domicilio offerto da diverse imprese nazionali e multinazionali, è entrato a far parte della nostra quotidianità, consentendoci di ottimizzare una risorsa molto preziosa quanto scarsa, il tempo.
Nei mesi di pandemia, dove l’unica ristorazione possibile era quella a domicilio, il food delivery da semplice sfizio si è trasformato in necessità, infatti si è rivelato un servizio essenziale ed un’ancora di salvezza sia per il cliente-consumatore che vede nel servizio delivery un surrogato della cena al ristorante, ma soprattutto ha permesso a ristoranti, pasticcerie, gelaterie e locali di sopravvivere nonostante le chiusure imposte per legge.
Durante il periodo di lockdown, diversi negozi focalizzati sui beni alimentari e di prima necessità si sono avvicinati per la prima volta all’e-Commerce grazie alla collaborazione con soggetti terzi già presenti online, oppure adottando strumenti meno efficaci ed efficienti, ma sicuramente più semplici, come la presa dell’ordine via Whatsapp.
Secondo i dati dell’osservatorio eCommerce B2c Netcomm–Politecnico di Milano:
Consultando i dati forniti dalla “Mappa del cibo a domicilio in Italia di Just Eat”, emerge che:
Milano e Roma si sono confermate le due città d’Italia dove il servizio di delivery è già molto radicato.
WHAT WE DO
In this division, members are responsible for periodically drafting reports on relevant sustainable finance issues after having made accurate and deep researches on the topic.
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Abstract (This report is available in italian language only)
Il presente report ha l’obiettivo di studiare il mercato dell’home delivery, sottolineandone potenzialità, margini di crescita, criticità e trend di sviluppo, nell’ottica di valutare l’applicabilità ad esso del software proprietario sviluppato dalla startup Ermes-X. Quest’ultima si pone l’obiettivo di creare soluzioni aziendali per l’ottimizzazione di mezzi e personale, portando, tra gli altri vantaggi, a ridurre l’impatto ambientale del sistema logistico.
La sua attività si concentra su:
Pianificazione trasporti in ambito logistico;
Organizzazione del personale;
Gestione distribuzione e consegne a domicilio.
Il software, in pochi secondi, rispettando gli obiettivi e i vincoli prefissati, calcolerà la soluzione ottimale. Una volta eseguito il calcolo del percorso, verranno mostrati all’utente:
KPIS e dati sui giri generati;
Visualizzazione grafica di tutti i percorsi che verranno effettuati;
Informazioni su errori per eccessivo tempo di guida, volume, peso e attività.
Al fine di valutarne dunque i margini di implementazione in un settore come quello del food home delivery, è stata condotta una preliminare analisi del settore, seguita da un approfondimento sui principali attori che verrebbero coinvolti da questo processo di ottimizzazione: i riders. La ricerca è poi stata completata da un focus su due start-up operanti in tale settore, Winelivery e Thirsty Delivery, per comprenderne l’approccio innovativo. Il report prosegue poi concentrandosi sul principale player in Italia, Just Eat, presentandone la peculiarità in termini di inquadramento del proprio personale. L’ultimo paragrafo vuole invece delineare i vantaggi nell’adozione del software Ermes-X da parte di aziende attive nel food delivery, chiarendo quali aspetti dell’organizzazione logistica ne verrebbero positivamente impattati.
The rising pressure coming from governments’ and supranational entities’
policies, increasing regulation, and investors’ requests is nowadays forcing oil and gas companies to take all the necessary means to mitigate their environmental impact and increase transparency. Global investors are increasingly conscious of environmental issues. Oil and gas companies are more and more pressured to disclose consistent, comparable, and reliable data, while activist shareholders are challenging US and Europe-based oil major on their climate policies and emissions-reduction plans. In the five markets examined by the Global Sustainable Investment Alliance (Australia and New Zealand, Canada, Europe, Japan, and the United States) sustainable investments reached assets of $30.7 trillion in early 2018, one-third of total investment. To satisfy the ESG standards, every company must develop sustainable environmental and governance practices, but they take on great and increasing importance in the oil and gas sector. Environmental risks can be divided into four major categories: Energy efficiency, Air emissions, Water management, Waste management. In order to address stakeholders’ expectations about sustainable development, companies belonging to the oil and gas industry should develop structural strategies to guide their future actions.
The recommended approach should be holistic and should try to achieve the highest financial impact at the minimum cost and effort. From an asset management point of view, listed renewable power portfolios have outperformed listed fossil fuel portfolios in all geographies considered (Germany, France, UK, USA). During periods of high market and oil price volatility, Fossil Fuel portfolios experienced larger drawdowns than Renewable Power portfolios. Renewable Power Portfolios performance has significantly improved over the last five years and their volatility has decreased.
The energy sector is accountable for a great deal of human-made GHG emissions, representing a high risk for society. Although the economic slowdown caused by the Covid-19 outbreak has contributed in decreasing energy emissions, only structural changes in the O&G industry operations can bring about significant and permanent cuts.
From now onwards, with the aid of the most recent technologies, O&G companies shall adopt holistic strategies to increase their level of transparency and accountability, decrease their environmental footprint, and minimize costs to improve their financial margins.
In a context characterized by a strong and active awareness towards the sustainability, it is a must to take in consideration and explain the Dow Jones Sustainability Indexes (DJSI), one of the most renowned and long-lived ethic indexes. This family of indexes evaluating the sustainability performance of publicly traded companies, are the longest-running global sustainability benchmarks worldwide and have become the gold standard for sustainability investing.
The remarkable history of the DJSI, which were launched in September 1999 as a landmark collaboration between Dow Jones Indexes (now S&P Dow Jones Indexes) and SAM (now RobecoSAM), make us understand why it is the world’s first ever global sustainability benchmark.
The DJSI provided one of the first opportunities to invest in a subset of global companies that are leading sustainability practices within their respective industries. This very stable and growing index allowed both investors and firms to pivot their investment portfolio toward a more sustainable and ethic vision. It is important to affirm that ESG-focused investors are interested in demonstrating the positive impact that their investing had on both society and the planet, by contributing to the achievement of international policy commitments.
We analyzed the performance of the index over time, noticing how the DJSI enabled investors to access the first global subset of leading sustainable companies, gathering firms characterized by best-in-class ESG practices within their respective industries and how the investment in this type of index has increased significantly the firm’s share price, attracting the interest of long-term investors.
The need of a common framework for ESG reporting standards is becoming more and more important every day. The fact that every company measures different factors using different accounting frameworks gave rise to frustration amongst investment groups over the plethora of competing systems for measuring sustainability. As a consequence, different organizations have proposed their solution to overcome the problem.
The objective of this report is to explain which are the existing, most used ESG reporting standards and to find a solution to this alphabet soup.
The first part briefly describes the most accredited methods to compare ESG reporting, while the second provides an overview of the benefits of adopting a global, voluntary framework. Moreover, we analyze ESG data providers from the investors’ point of view, trying to understand if investors can get a clear and unbiased ESG information disclosure. In conclusion, the report provides two solutions that we believe are the most adequate and viable ones to solve the chaos created by all the different reporting standards used.
Nowadays, awareness about sustainable and socially responsible investing (SRI) is experiencing a sharp rise. COVID-19 has provided a further boost to the market momentum around ESG funds. In fact, many policymakers and investors are viewing the crisis as a wake-up call. We need a change in the approach to investing. Of course, many observers have highlighted the similarities between the unforeseen risks of a pandemic and issues such as climate change. “Over the long run, COVID-19 could prove to be a major turning point for ESG investing, or strategies that consider a company’s environmental, social and governance performance alongside traditional financial metrics,” said Jean-Xavier Hecker and Hugo Dubourg, Co-Heads of ESG & Sustainability within J.P. Morgan EMEA Equity Research. Furthermore, the raising awareness of social and racial issues in the US and worldwide has produced an additional shift in perspective. While ESG investing was generally associated with the Environmental issues, the recent protests following George Floyd’s murder have pushed investors to flock towards companies that show major commitment in Social and Governance aspects as well. A PwC research shows that, in a best-case scenario, the sector might experience a jump in the share of the European fund sector from 15% to 57%. There are many factors suggesting the potential growth path of this sector. It is worth considering that 87% of millennials and 64% of women agree that ESG plays an important role in their investment decisions. In this “ESG-euphoric” environment, ESG rating agencies are rapidly emerging as an important and recognized player in determining investment strategies of many institutional market participants, and not only. In particular, these agencies offer a deeper and more specific assessment on the “sustainability profile” of companies in order to discriminate between them. As Savita Subramanian (Head of Global ESG research Bank of America) put it, in a world of companies that just “talk the talk”, it is important to individuate those who actually “walk the walk”. What is yet to be proved is: are these agencies really helpful and accurate in their analysis? The Equifax case provides clear evidence in that sense, showing how reports may have an anticipating power in predicting future risks and potentially harmful circumstances.
In the past, Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) issues have represented a secondary concern for investors, who traditionally focused their attention on traditional value drivers, such as profits and growth. However, the demand for ESG investments has recently boomed due to the benefits that such funds can add to a portfolio: low volatility and consistent returns. Moreover, green stocks are increasingly becoming a fundamental component of portfolios’ diversification. Nevertheless, it is not always clear whether ESG could be considered a value driver on its own and if ESG daily news can affect stocks’ price. The present report provides a general overview about scholars’ studies showing how ESG news impacts on stocks’ price, also deepening the analysis with a focus on empirical evidences of such behaviors. In relation to this, results differ if the news is grouped and analyzed in subcategories: negative news tends to move prices more than positive ones do, the type of media disclosing the news affects the result of the outcome and the pieces of information contained in the news are the ultimate factor impacting the firms market capitalization. Therefore, ESG can be considered as a secondary driver for stock prices since the reaction of markets to these types of news varies much depending on each firm’s peculiarities.
The concept of corporate value has changed in the last decades: nowadays, it does not only refer to the financial sphere, but it also includes social and environmental considerations. As a consequence, it has emerged the necessity of reducing the existing information asymmetry between organizations and investors on companies’ non-financial performance. Reporting instruments have been used to satisfy this need.
In particular, the objective of this paper is to explain the typical structure of a sustainability report. The first part briefly describes the Global Reporting Initiative’s Standards for sustainability reporting, while the second provides an example of a sustainability report as to better understand the practical application of the reporting requirements.
Over the last years investors have become more interested in sustainable investing, by integrating Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) factors into their valuation analysis. The main goal of this new practice consists in improving the return and the risk profile of a portfolio while generating a positive impact for the society and the environment.